endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.1) >> �m ��;��cz7M�����{���u��p�R�1O)��@�fΣ:�O�^��)))��X� `n�H��?��9��˴`��m�/�f/�ī�*���㧉@��{�؟����g0 �-U� endobj endobj endobj 325 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.15.3.2) >> endobj (LaTeX -> pdf) 124 0 obj Also, secondary data needs to be integrated in data analysis in a logical and unbiased manner. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.8.1) >> >> endobj endobj 41 0 obj endobj (Distributing the package) 136 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.4) >> 4. In these situations, I use comparative analysis as a data collection workaround. endobj 197 0 obj /D [494 0 R /XYZ 72 713.446 null] endobj (Checking the entire package) /Length 64 >> endobj >> endobj (What are the differences for users?) (S4 Classes) 445 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.1) >> << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.2) >> endobj endobj (Computer Requirements and Installing R) As Glaser and Strauss (1967, pp. 129 0 obj (Course Directory Organization) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.10.3.1) >> endobj 49 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.16) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section*.2) >> endobj (S3 Classes) 108 0 obj In linguistics, the comparative method is a technique for studying the development of languages by performing a feature-by-feature comparison of two or more languages with common descent from a shared ancestor and then extrapolating backwards to infer the properties of that ancestor. << /S /GoTo /D (section.2.1) >> << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.5) >> endobj endobj endobj >> endobj 281 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.4.2) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.3) >> (All About Data) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.8) >> xڍU�n�0��+x�X�H�"u��$M8-Z��؊�"�?��K�,��L���阕,f���tpq+-�1OS�����X�Xi����6����8���m�6��5�&(�(�E0)pj�aa$�`�5.�A�@��טa�����|/;-���T��~ M�O@� ��JDYn�f�N ��''��-4�*D�� G�:��)�ټ�5�E/n-�x���q"���\Ʃ/ �*}�1�p)M;�J- 292 0 obj 389 0 obj 261 0 obj endobj ... network analysis methods into two types, namely, structural 364 0 obj (Plotting ouchtrees) /Filter /FlateDecode << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.18) >> << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.2.2) >> endobj Such techniques can involve a statistical test called correlation, wh… endobj endobj endobj 385 0 obj 284 0 obj (Adding variables to the data) endobj Lately, it has increasingly been applied within monitoring and evaluation (M&E). << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.1.6.1) >> 208 0 obj 44 0 obj (R packages) Comparative Methods and Data Analysis in R Marguerite A. Butler1,2, Brian C. O’Meara3, and Jason Pienaar1,4 1Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 2mbutler@hawaii.edu 3National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, 2024 West Main Street, Suite A200, Durham, NC 27705, bcomeara@nescent.org 4jasonpienaar@gmail.com August 2, 2008 (Phylobase) endobj 192 0 obj (Stangle) endobj (Running simple comparative analyses using ape: or a tour through R using phylogenetic examples) Title: Bias reduction. 17 0 obj endobj x�3PHW0Pp�r endobj Glaser and Strauss (1967) suggest that when used to generate theory, the comparative analytical method they describe can be applied to social units of any size. << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.10.4.1) >> ����1��SB�>� 2�q�!�+��2Y_y_�K��|��p|A\E+H~� ���(�$7�E@V�d�~�=B��(��B�jGZ��D��^��b8��-Khv���A�5��+�wگ��0����r�C3���n�8S�Zۃo�ɧ�`*�h 312 0 obj 80 0 obj endobj 104 0 obj (Newick) << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.5) >> endobj endobj (The Workhorse Functions of Data Manipulation) /Parent 503 0 R (Workarounds for broken code) 193 0 obj 224 0 obj (Vignettes) /Resources 495 0 R 308 0 obj (Introduction to OU Models) (Ancestral Reconstruction Methods) 409 0 obj (Exercises) << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.1) >> 494 0 obj << << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.12) >> endstream << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.11.4.2) >> 160 0 obj (Variations of the OU Model --- Brian?) >> endobj within the social sciences. endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.4) >> (Combining the data into one file) The QCA analysts interprets the data qualitatively whilst also looking at … (Saving your work as R scripts) Did you ever wonder how samples of data are analyzed in order to make valid scientific claims that the Earth is warming? endobj 449 0 obj 61 0 obj The comparative method may be contrasted with the method of internal reconstruction in … (Some Useful Features) (No Correlations) 225 0 obj 336 0 obj endobj 233 0 obj (Methods dispatch) (Sweave -> LaTeX) << /S /GoTo /D (section.18.3) >> endobj endobj endobj 440 0 obj Using simulated epidemic data we assess the performance of 7 commonly-used statistical methods to estimate R 0 as they would be applied in a real-time outbreak analysis scenario – fitting to an increasing number of data points over time and with varying levels of random noise in the data. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.2) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.6) >> The … QCA Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is a means of analysing the causal contribution of different conditions (e.g. << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.6) >> Through a comprehensive comparison of these methods, this paper will offer some recommendations for selecting the best method to use for a given tolerance accumulation problem. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.1) >> (Branch lengths drawn from a common distribution) 301 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.2) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.7) >> 448 0 obj endobj 77 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.4) >> 361 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.4.1) >> We shall describe in four stages the constant comparativemethod: (1) comparing incidents applicable to each category, (2)integrating categories and their properties, (3) delimited thetheory, and (4) writing the theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 457 0 obj 280 0 obj 109 0 obj endobj 244 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.7.2) >> endstream endobj startxref << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.14) >> endstream << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.6) >> (R-forge) 452 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.3) >> 228 0 obj endobj 341 0 obj endobj (Best Practices) 93 0 obj (What is an object?) endobj endobj /Contents 506 0 R 453 0 obj >> endobj (Reshaping R Objects) Despite the shortcomings of each of these tolerance analysis methods, each may be used to provide reasonable results under certain circumstances. 531 0 obj << endobj (Exercises) << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.3) >> endobj (picante) (RGL graphics) The third aspect of primary quantitative research design is data analysis. 420 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.1) >> (Correlated Evolution) Qualitative Comparative Analysis Case-Oriented Understanding. 477 0 obj (Description File) (The Data) 37 0 obj endobj %PDF-1.5 %���� endobj endobj (hansentree and ouchtree methods) 125 0 obj h�bbd``b`�$C@�$�`� @1 �t+�J�@\�L+Hp��۵L� F����Y� �� If a consistency is found between the datasets, then it adds support to a scientific claim. endobj and Quantitative Methods. 480 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.3.1) >> 101 0 obj 296 0 obj endobj 388 0 obj endobj You are writing a dissertation exploring the impacts of foreign direct investment (FDI) on the levels of economic growth in Vietnam using correlation quantitative data analysis method. C. Data analysis techniques. EDA is an analysis approach that focuses on identifying general patterns in the data and to find previously unknown relationships. endobj (ouchtree) endobj 161 0 obj endobj (Exercises) Please read the points below before you start the course. 85 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] endobj (Simple Comparative Analyses in R) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.10.3.2) >> endobj endobj (general R help) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.6) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.3) >> A comparative analysis of data mining methods in predicting NCAA bowl outcomes. 372 0 obj 20 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.2) >> 260 0 obj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.4) >> endobj 320 0 obj 412 0 obj Comparative analysis involves analyzing data from different settings or groups, but belonging to the same point in time and/or the same settings, to identify similarities and differences.Two qualitative methods of data analysis of a comparative analysis nature are matrix analysis and constant comparison.Matrix analysis or logical analysis involves categorization and arranging collected data in flow charts, tables, diagrams and other forms of representation to represent th… << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.13) >> << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.6) >> endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.1) >> 132 0 obj Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) Exploratory data analysis (EDA) is a complement to inferential statistics. ∞ See for a review of the book: Verweij, S. (2013). Incidents or data are compared to other incidents or data during the process of coding. endobj 300 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.4) >> 369 0 obj endobj (Creating Binaries) endobj 489 0 obj (Example: Generating a set of trees with simulated branch lengths) (geiger) endobj endobj 288 0 obj endobj endobj The analysis begins with listing and counting all the combinations of variables observed in the data set, followed by applying the rules of logical inference to determine which descriptive inferences or implications the data supports. << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.2.1) >> (Accessing help) >> 304 0 obj 180 0 obj (The OU Model for Comparative Analysis) Jie Li, Zhuo Chen, Yadong Wang. 492 0 obj endobj endobj endobj (Getting help) (Writing Simple Packages by Jason Pienaar and Marguerite Butler) and Useful References) (Making movies) 461 0 obj aspects of an intervention and the wider context) to an outcome of interest. 120 0 obj endobj There are several methods of doing comparative analysis and Tilly (1984) distinguishes four types of comparative analysis namely: individualizing, universalizing, variation-finding and encompassing (p.82). endobj %%EOF 357 0 obj 392 0 obj Although this method ofgenerating theory is a continuously growing process- each stageafter a time is transformed into the next- earlier stages do remainin operation simultaneously throughout the analysis and eachprovides continuous development to its succes… /Font << /F20 500 0 R >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.14.4) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.8) >> 112 0 obj endobj endobj 144 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.2.2) >> (General Comparative Methods References) /Type /Page endobj %PDF-1.4 (System Commands by Brian O'Meara) QCA starts with the documentation of the different configurations of conditions associated with each case of an observed outcome. 168 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.15.3) >> 421 0 obj 169 0 obj 53 0 obj This will help you prepare well for the course and attend it properly. 33 0 obj endobj 465 0 obj 376 0 obj 313 0 obj endobj (Tree objects) (Simple Sweave) 220 0 obj 152 0 obj (Implementation in ouch) endobj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.3) >> 0 endobj endstream endobj 116 0 obj <> endobj 117 0 obj <> endobj 118 0 obj <>stream 241 0 obj endobj /Parent 503 0 R (Fitting models) 45 0 obj endobj 345 0 obj endobj %���� << /S /GoTo /D (chapter.6) >> 115 0 obj <> endobj endobj stream endobj endobj (ouch) 332 0 obj 353 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.2.2.1) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.13.2) >> 65 0 obj We introduce a software system for visual analysis of comparative genomics data. 189 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.8) >> �I[�'�p>54O�i����l���"a������̓� endobj (Preliminaries) (Building the package) 1. << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.11.4.1) >> endobj 205 0 obj (Verification: Computing Phylogenetic GLS "by hand") (Cross-platform compatibility) (Ordering Data) << /S /GoTo /D (section.1.2) >> (Phylogenetic GLS) endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section*.4) >> endobj /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.2) >> Case Study: Juvenile Court Records Case Study: Mental Health System. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (section.9.4) >> endobj 212 0 obj 432 0 obj 293 0 obj 204 0 obj 68 0 obj 185 0 obj 92 0 obj endobj 5 0 obj endobj 256 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.11.7) >> << /S /GoTo /D (section.12.1) >> endobj endobj >> endobj Comparative-Historical Methods. 153 0 obj /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] 217 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section.10.4) >> endobj (Moving through the directories) 81 0 obj 157 0 obj (A bit about LaTeX) Front. << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.12.3.1) >> /Font << /F28 499 0 R /F20 500 0 R /F8 501 0 R /F37 502 0 R >> endobj 404 0 obj endobj 464 0 obj endobj 229 0 obj 89 0 obj (Bibliography) endobj (Bivariate ouch) 269 0 obj endobj Advanced high-throughput sequencing-based methods have been developed for capturing chromatin interactions (Hi-C, genome-wide chromosome conformation capture) or enriching for those involving a specific protein (ChIA-PET, chromatin interaction analysis … (The Bivariate model) endobj 460 0 obj (Stochastic Simulations) x�ݘIs�6����. Combining Qualitative Methods Combining Qualitative. endobj While sequential presentations of descriptive data are undoubtedly informative about the cases concerned they are only comparative in the weak sense of 12 0 obj 352 0 obj endobj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.4.1.1) >> 209 0 obj (Subsetting) 481 0 obj endobj 424 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D (section*.3) >> (Exercises) 444 0 obj >> 473 0 obj QCA is a methodology that enables the analysis of multiple cases in complex situations, and can help explain why change 177 0 obj endobj << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.8.1.4) >> (Matching) It is important to relate the results to the objective of research and establish the statistical relevance of results. endobj It is used mostly by data scientists. 297 0 obj endobj endobj 397 0 obj endobj 416 0 obj Contents, Construction Methods, Data Resources, and Functions Comparative Analysis of Bacteria Databases . Different configurations of conditions associated with each case of an observed outcome this.. 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