The king out of anger, has Haman hung on the gallows, which he had built to destroy all the Jews. Almost 70 years after that, the king of Persia defeatedthe armies of Babylon in battle. What a tremendous book we have just completed! The author's knowledge of Persian customs, the setting of the story in the city of Susa and the absence of any reference to conditions or circumstances in the land of Judah suggest that he was a res… The Book of Esther in Review. Esther Approaches the King. The most popular traditions are Mordecai (a major character in the Book of Esther), Ezra, and Nehemiah (who would have been familiar with Persian customs). Ahasuerus of Persia and Media makes royal feasts—Vashti disobeys the king and is deposed as queen. Book of Esther, book of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament. 2 As soon as the king saw Queen Esther standing in the court, she found favor in his sight. The greatest being that God protects His people. T he story of Esther reads like a novel and is full of great spiritual lessons. Its author is anonymous however; some believe Mordecai, (Esther’s cousin and guardian), wrote it. In the Roman Catholic canon, Esther appears between Judith and Job and includes six chapters that are considered apocryphal in the Jewish and Protestant traditions. This is a PDF Document summarizing the historical events within the Book of Ether. Esther was a Jewish woman who was selected by the Persian King Ahasuerus to be his wife. ESTHER SUMMARY Esther is written during the period of the captivity. He was the son of Darius the Great and reigned from 486-465 B.C. And who knows whether you have not attained royalty for such a time as this?”, Summaries Courtesy of the Ultimate Bible Summary Collection. He ruled over a vast empire that extended from India to Ethiopia (Esther 1:1).Esther was a descendant of the tribe of Benjamin, which had been part of the kingdom of Judah. He was the son of Darius the Great and he reigned from about 486-465 B.C. The story of Esther takes place in the Persian Empire during the reign of Ahasuerus, known more familiarly to us by the Greek form of his name, Xerxes I. Esther was born of the Jews who had been captive into Babylon nearly 100 years earlier. In the Protestant canon, Esther appears between Nehemiah and Job. The book of Esther outlines her history, rise to prominence, and eventual thwarting of a plan of Haman to kill all the Jewish people in the country. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. Esther, the beautiful Jewish wife of the Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes I), and her cousin Mordecai persuade the king to retract an order for the general annihilation of Jews throughout the empire. When Esther was selected as queen, it was to save the lives of the Jewish people (Esth. Haman becomes infuriated and plots to destroy all the Jews in the kingdom because of his pride. The focus of this lesson is an overview of Esther introducing students to the main characters, places and themes. The book of Esther was written to display the providence of God! “For if you remain silent at this time, relief and deliverance will arise for the Jews from another place and you and your father’s house will perish. The Book of Esther is about a Jewish girl, adopted by her uncle Mordecai after her parents had died. The Persian King Xerxes kicked out his wife, Queen Vashti, after she refused his demand, and fell in love with Esther at a beauty contest. As the days of feasting draw to a close, he summons his wife, Vashti, to show off her beauty (by appearing wearing only her crown! It describes the Jaredites, descendants of Jared and his companions, who were led by God to the Americas shortly after the confusion of tongues and the destruction of the Tower of Babel. Esther 9:3 "And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of … 1 Now it came to pass in the days of a Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty b provinces:) Dig a … A summary of Esther, chapter by chapter, from @biblesummary. Historians believe the book was written between 470-424 B.C. It is one of the five Scrolls (Megillot) in the Hebrew Bible and later became part of the Christian Greek Old Testament. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. And if I perish, I … It is clear that the author was a Jew, both from his emphasis on the origin of a Jewish festival and from the Jewish nationalism that permeates the story. This summary of the Book of Esther will help with many different forms of Bible Study: The book of Esther is one of the latest of the canonical books of Scripture, having been written late in the reign of Xerxes, or early in that of his son Artaxerxes Longimanus (B.C. The Book of Esther is about a Jewish girl adopted by her uncle, Mordecai, after her parents died. It may be used when studying or teaching the contents of the book to provide a visual time line of the historical events which occur. Esther was a descendant of the Benjaminites, they came from a part of the kingdom of Judah. The lesson here is that God’s timing is always immaculate and the Book of Esther reminds the reader of this and Esther’s place on the throne at this exact time would save the Jews from extermination. It belongs to the third section of the Judaic canon, known as the Ketuvim, or “Writings.” In the Jewish Bible, Esther follows Ecclesiastes and Lamentations and is read on the festival of Purim, which commemorates the rescue of the Jews from Haman’s plottings. Its author is anonymous however; some believe Mordecai, (Esther’s cousin and guardian), wrote it. Babylon was conquered by Persia and Esther miraculously becomes the queen of the land, and saves her people. “I will go to the king, even though it is against the law. The key personalities are Esther, Mordecai, King Ahasuerus (or Xerxes), and Haman. The author is not known. Corrections? It was written approximately 470 B.C. Mordecai, in chapter nine, recorded the events of Purim, so there is some speculation that he wrote the book. And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom, that they may gather together all … The book purports to explain how the feast of Purim came to be celebrated by the Jews. Xerxes, the Persian king, who rejected his other wife (Queen Vashti), fell in love with Esther in the beauty contest. Summary. The other is the book of Ruth. “The king loved Esther more than all the women, and she found favor and kindness with him” (2:17), probably because of her beauty and intelligence. These so-called Additions to the Book of Esther do not appear in the Hebrew Bible, are treated as canonical in Roman Catholic Bibles, and are placed in the Apocrypha in Protestant Bibles. It may be freely downloaded and distributed. Then the people in Persia allowed the *Jews toreturn to their own country, but not many *Jews did return. Event Diagram of the Book of Ether; External links Instead, Haman was hanged on the gallows he built for Mordecai, and, on the day planned for their annihilation, the Jews destroyed their enemies. Ether consists of fifteen chapters. In fact, … Moroni abridges the writings of Ether—Ether’s genealogy is set forth—The language of the Jaredites is not confounded at the Tower of Babel—The Lord promises to lead them to a … Although we do not know who wrote the book of Esther, from internal evidence it is possible to make some inferences about the author and the date of composition. Key Takeaways: Book of Esther. He had banished his former wife and chose Esther through a contest. He took in Esther as the new Persian Queen, not knowing she was an Israelite. Apparently in response to the conspicuous absence of any reference to God in the book, the redactors (editors) of its Greek translation in the Septuagint interspersed many additional verses throughout the text that demonstrate Esther’s and Mordecai’s religious devotion. Judaism refers to Esther as The Megillah of Esther, meaning scroll of Esther. This was during a time just before the wall of Jerusalem was rebuilt. Meanwhile Haman, the king's prime minister, creates a grudge against Esther's uncle Mordecai because he does not bow down to him, and only to the God of Israel. Esther’s faith and courage saves her people. The title refers to Ether, a Jaredite prophet who lived at the end of the time period covered by the book, believed to be circa 2600 or 2100 BC through 600 BC or later, at least 1500 but possibly as long as 2500 year She was personally chosen by the King. It belongs to the third section of the Judaic canon, known as the Ketuvim, or “Writings.” In the Jewish Bible, Esther follows Ecclesiastes and Lamentations and is read on the festival of Purim, which commemorates the rescue of the Jews from Haman’s plottings. The Book of Esther. (2:17), probably because of her beauty and intelligence. It is a post-exile story about Jews who stayed behind after most returned to Jerusalem after captivity. Over 100 years earlier, Nebuchadnezzar(the king of Babylon) had attacked Jerusalem. The events in the book of Esther probably took place around 521-495 BC. The genre of the book of Esther is Narrative History. Introduction The book of Esther takes place in the Persian Empire during the reign of Ahasuerus. He may not always do it in the way we think He should, but the book of Esther shows that He is in control even when we don’t see Him. Its purpose is to demonstrate God’s love and sovereignty in all circumstances. It was written approximately 470 B.C. There is nothing close to a consensus, however, as to what historical event provided the basis for the story. 4:14). When the story ofEsther happened, most *Jews were still living in the countr… Summary of the Book of Esther Author: The Book of Esther does not specifically name its author. He despises Mordecai because he is a Jew, and tries to … “The king loved Esther more than all the women, and she found favor and kindness with him”. The secular character of the Book of Esther (the divine name is never mentioned) and its strong nationalistic overtones made its admission into the biblical canon highly questionable for both Jews and Christians. 444, 434). The king was sitting on his royal throne in the royal courtroom, facing the entrance. Book of Esther, book of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament. The massacre had been plotted by the king’s chief minister, Haman, and the date decided by casting lots (purim). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Esther in the presence of the Persian king Ahasuerus, illustration by Gustave Doré, 1866. The Book of Esther was likely written between 467 and 350 B.C. In order to bring about their salvation, Mordecai had to be in the right place at the right time so he could hear the plot to kill the king. Event Summary Diagram. The events that the first chapter of the book of Esther describeshappened about 483 BC (Before Christ). She was personally chosen by the King. The genre of the book of Esther is Narrative History. in Persia. The Book of Esther (hebrew: מְגִלַּת אֶסְתֵּר, Megillat Esther), also known in Hebrew as "the Scroll" (Megillah), is a book in the third section (Ketuvim, "Writings") of the Jewish Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible). The Book of Esther is one of the Megillot, five scrolls read on stated Jewish religious holidays. Although often classified with the prophets, the Book of Jonah is not a prophetic book. This six-week study was written to help you discover the fingerprints of God throughout the book of Esther. It is a short story similar to the Book of Ruth, starting in the palace of Shushan (Susa), one out of the three capitals of the Persian Empire. In the story of Esther, you'll meet a beautiful, young queen who risked her life to serve God and save her people. •    In chapter 1-2, Esther becomes the queen to Ahasuerus of Persia. Esther became queen in 479 B.C. He took Esther as the new Persian queen, not knowing she was an Israelite. We must stand with courage. However, the king did not know she was a Jew. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). “For if you remain silent at this time, relief and deliverance will arise for the Jews from another place and you and your father’s house will perish. The story, about a prophet named Jonah, was written to criticize and rebuke the narrow spirit of nationalism that Jonah observed among so many of the Jewish people. 1 On the third day, Esther put on her royal attire and stood in the inner court of the palace across from the king’s quarters. The book may have been composed as late as the first half of the 2nd century bce, though the origin of the Purim festival could date to the Babylonian exile (6th century bce). Mordecai hears of the plot and reports it to his Esther. The following lesson is the beginning of a new series teaching through the Book of Esther. Naturally, being a rather unstable fellow, Ahasuerus fires … •    Chapters 3-4, Mordecai (Esther’s guardian) refused to bow down and pay homage to Haman a high official of the king. The Book of Ether is one of the books of the Book of Mormon. The Book of Esther opens with a description of an enormous 180-day party thrown by King Achashverosh in his 3rd year as king of the Persian Empire, ruling over 127 provinces. •    From chapters 5-10, Esther outwits Haman and takes her petition to the king and pleas for the protection of her Jewish people from Haman’s wicked stratagem. Esther then ask the Jews to fast about this for three days and three nights (Esther 4:15-17). Mordecai hears of the plot and reports it to his Esther. Esther is the last of the historical books of the Bible, so its main character is named Esther – that is, Venus, the morning star, which sheds its light after all the other stars have ceased to shine, and while the sun still delays rising. •    Chapters 3-4, Mordecai (Esther’s guardian) refused to bow down and pay homage to Haman a high official of the king. Esther 1 – A Queen Is Deposed. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Book-of-Esther, Jewish Virtual Library - The Book of Esther. Either way, we pray you are encouraged through this study! ... "In short" (One sentence summary): Esther thwarts the plan of Haman, a high ranking official, to kill every Jew in the country. Esther became queen in 479 B.C. 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